We all know about the popular Bengali festival, Durga Puja with the five day worship of the Goddess. It is a happy time for all Bengalis with new clothes, festivities and food marking the five day celebration. But, how many of you know the reason as why Ma Durga is known as Mahisasur Mardini. Yes, she killed Mahisasur but why this name?
Well, here are the answers you need, before you get all set for the Durga Puja.
There are many incarnations of Goddess Durga that includes famous Durga Roop as Kali, Renu(or)Renuka, Bhavani, Ambika, Bhagvati, Lalita, Gauri, Kandalini, Jaya, Rajeswari. Durga has nine appellations: Skandamata, Kushmanda, Shailaputri, Kaalratri, Brahmacharini, Maha Gauri, Katyayani, Chandraghanta, and Siddhidatri. There are 108 different names to define Goddess Durga according to the Hindu religion.
Rambha, known as the king of Asuras (Devils) was attracted by the beauty of a she-buffalo. He married her and gave birth to a child who was half human and half buffalo. This child was later named as Mahishasura (Mahisha means Buffalo).
Mahishasura wanted to wage a war against all the Devas and prove himself strong and powerful. He performed Tapasya and requested God to grant him immortality. However, Brahma refused to bless him with immortality, but instead informed him that his death would happen solely at the hands of a woman.
Mahishura considered himself to be immortal because according to him it was impossible for a woman to kill a man like him. He recognized his power to be superior to any woman and considered himself to be 'Amar.'
Under the impression of being mortal, Mahishasura invited a war with Devi and Devatas. The Devas were lead by Indra were defeated. The devas then requested Trinity from Lord Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma and created a woman combining all the Tejas.
A Goddess called Durga was created using the Tejas of all the three Devas and Mahishasura was defeated by her. Durga killed him, thus fulfilling the augury that he would meet his death at the hands of a woman. Thus, Durga came to be known as Mahisasur Mardini (the woman who killed Mahisasur).
According to Hinduism, whenever a pundit worships Durga Ma, he has to recite a mantra which gives a description of Goddess Durga commonly with Ashtanayika ( Goddess Durga's eight eternal companions). The priest then deeply concentrates his mind upon Goddess Durga together with Ashtanayika.
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